Headache

Headaches

Headaches is literally a painful sensation in any part of the head. It can range from sharp to dull, that may occur with other symptoms. Headaches can have causes that aren't due to underlying disease. Examples include lack of sleep, an incorrect eyeglass prescription, stress, loud noise exposure, or tight headwear.

However, there are different types of headaches. Here are a few:

 

Migraines

MIgraines is a type of headache with varying intensity. It is often accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine headaches are sometimes preceded by warning symptoms. Some triggers include hormonal changes, certain foods and drinks, stress, and exercise. Migraine headaches can cause throbbing in one particular area that can vary in intensity. Nausea and sensitivity to light and sound are also common symptoms.

Preventive and pain-relieving medications can help manage migraine headaches. Other effective treatments include Botox injections, acupuncture and relieving trigger points in surrounding neck muscles.


 

Tension Headaches

Often, people describe a tension headache as a feeling like a tight band around the head mild to moderate in severity.  There are more than 3 million cases of tension headaches per year. The symptoms are usually on both sides of the head and may be associated with muscle pain. Multiple factors can bring on a tension headache, such  stress, inadequate sleep, and poor posture especially at your work station. Tension headaches are managed best with a multidisciplinary approach, which may include pain medications, physical therapy, acupuncture or and/or injections as well as

stress reduction, ice or heat on sore muscles, and improving your posture

 

Occipital Neuralgia

Occipital neuralgia is a distinct type of headache characterized by piercing, throbbing, or electric-shock-like chronic pain in the upper neck, back of the head, and behind the ears, usually on one side of the head. Typically, the pain of occipital neuralgia begins in the neck and then spreads upwards.