Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic pain condition affecting the trigeminal nerve in the face.
It is a condition characterized by pain coming from the trigeminal nerve, which starts near the top of the ear and splits in three, toward the eye, cheek and jaw. We have two trigeminal nerves for each side of our face, but trigeminal neuralgia pain most commonly affects only one side.
Trigeminal neuralgia is most common in women over age 50. Symptoms range from mild to severe facial pain, often triggered by chewing, speaking, or brushing the teeth. Treatment includes medications, injections, and surgery.